China’s manufacturers serve a wide range of industries with goods including iron, steel, aluminum, toys, chemicals, aircraft, ships, and more. Nearly 80% of all air conditioners in the world are manufactured in China. Chinese businesses are also responsible for manufacturing over 45 times as many personal computers per person as the rest of the world’s manufacturers combined. Mexico’s manufacturing has been just as broad. Manufacturing industries in Mexico include electronic, aeronautic and, most prominently, automotive industries.
As a major auto manufacturer, Mexico is home to 89 of the world’s top 100 auto parts producers. Automotive exports from Mexico increased by over 300 percent between 2002 and 2018, while electronic exports increased 120 percent in that same time. Regionally, steel, electronics, and other high-end exports are headquartered in northern Mexico, while the automotive industry has expanded in southern Mexico.